Time To Move

          A pastor should never be so high in the spirit that he fails to see the problems of his people in the earthly realm. We are called as clergy to see the concerns of the people and guide them through the Egypts of their lives.Women shouting in churches while their sons and husband are being killed in the streets is not the historical representation of churches serving an oppressed population. Historical Black Churches had plenty of shouting in the front of the church, but in the back rooms and basements-information and transformation was taking place. Too many churches -in oppressed areas – are preparing people to get into heaven instead of helping them to live safe and productive lives here on earth. Churches are not suppose to be doing advanced work for the Under taker- but rather they should be in the Jesus resurrection business. Stop the spirit shouting if you are not in the Jesus business.  Open the doors of the church and help people with the real problems of life. Help them to move to safer comunities- help those who want to stay- develop the survival skills necessary to make the journey. Poverty is not a badge of honor-Christianity is not the religion of the poor- the people of God deserve the wealth of the Kingdon- and- it is the Father’s good pleasure to give it to them. Churches should be teaching people how to seek and accept the wealth of the kingdom.

Time To Move

        Knowing when to pack up and leave is important. Governments should not have to put on extra police to protect itself – schools should not have to shut down and shuttle principals and teachers to say the staff is doing an ineffective job- when a place is dangerous and not working for you-leave. It is time to relocate, find a place that is working and move to that place. If the people in Camden New Jersey are killing each other, it is time to take your sons by the hand and move to save  lives. 



“The Israelites went out of the land of Egypt…When the King of Egypt was told that the people had fled, the mind of Pharaoh and his officials were changed, and they said, “ What have we done letting Israel leave our service?” so he had his chariot made ready and he took his army with him…and pursued the Israelites.”[1](Exodus 14: 5-9)


               In the southern states of America, often called the Egypt for many African Americans there was a mass exodus of millions of oppressed people determined to change the course and conditions of their lives. There was no Moses guiding a mass of people out from under the Pharaoh of racism and segregation but a self- determination within each heart and mind to be their own leader. They were ready for whatever they had to face. Many were tired of witnessing their best and their brightest swinging from trees like fruit in the sun. The African American had grown sick and tired of being sick and tired and decided to take his destiny into his own hands.

They were the work- force of the south, and the ability to work was a valuable resource in any location. Scouts were sent ahead to find apartments and employments for relatives who would be coming later. Scouts had been traveling through the underground railroad during the entire period of slavery, and now that slavery was over, they would travel the over ground railroad to reach far off destinations in a promise land. Between World War 1 and World War11, millions of men came home from the wars and made the decisions that if they could fight for their country in foreign lands, they could fight for their own freedom and dignity in their own country.

 Black men had to put down the Bible, which taught them how to submit to authority, and they had to learn to fight with a gun to defend truth and justice and the American belief. These same men returned home, and did not pick up the Bible, but they also did not give up the gun. Now ready to protect themselves and their families against the Bible thumpers who were content to sing Christian hymns while burning crosses on their lawns, they became a different type of individual, and one that could no longer fit the model of what an African American was suppose to be in a southern town. It was time to move, and move they did.

The 1920’s were the best and the worst of times for Black people in America. It was the time of the great migration out of the South. Black people became tired of Jim Crow, segregation, and racist white people doing their best to work out their anger and frustration for losing the Civil War, on black people.

Great Migrations

  • Millions of African-Americans left the South during 30 years, 1910 to 1940.
  • Between 1940 to 1970, nearly 5 million African-Americans moved North.
  • Generally migrations out of the South was by Railroad and Interstate Bus travel. Those who had cars drove and maintained  contact with family members in the South choosing to remain.
  • Early advance teams were sent on ahead to secure housing, jobs and Church support.
  • New York ended slavery in 1827 giving the  northern African Americans a head start over the Southern population.
  • There was a large affluent African population in New York and New Jersey some living in the area over 200 years or more.
  • African American developed music and entertainment industry and were active participants in the Big Band period
  • African American set up their own movie industry producing successful Black films.
  • Black Churches became major power and political centers in the north and were consulted on any major issues regarding the cities.
  • African Americans developed strong family ties, and avoided discussions of past experinces in the south in order to help their children focus on the future rather than the past.
  • Black Churches provided an opportunity for men to assume leadership roles and regain the self esteem, which the white south had tried to eliminate. Woman took planned supportive roles in the church and helped to develop strong financial base for the communities.
  • Churches developed after school programs to help children stay up with qualifications of a different group
  • Men took jobs working on the Railroad as Sleeping Car Porters, and also on steam ships as cooks and porters.
  • African Americans competed with new immigrants coming into the urban centers, and were able to get first preference for the jobs because they were English speakers and citizens.
  • Many Ellis Island immigrant suffered the same problems in the urban centers that African Americans experienced in the south, many were forced because of discrimination to obtain housing among the African American population, in communities set aside for the African American population such as Harlem.
  • African American teachers secured positions teaching in the Early childhood division in New York City, which was called Daycare; it was operated by the New York City Department of Social Service and required trained teachers.
  • Irish women became the public school teachers and provided a qualitative education for a diverse population of immigrants and migrants coming out of Europe and the Southern parts of America.
  • Jewish men became push cart merchants and door to door salesmen struggling to make a living for their large families.
  • Some groups of immigrants used organized crimes as a means to support their families and adjust to complex American culture.
  • African Americans did not suffer from the depression period since most were involved in the service industry, and worked for people with money they also had survival skills for difficulties.

       Historians have not told the story of the African American and have devoted surprisingly little attention to urban history of the postwar period, especially compared with earlier decades. There was no place for an assertive voice or an assertive story. If the image of the Black man were to continue to be one of victim, the stories of taking charge of ones life would not fit the mode.  The African American Urban History since World War II introduces an exciting mix of seasoned scholars to provide some light on this important topic, and fresh new voices provide the first comprehensive assessment of this important subject.

The exodus began in the early part of the twentieth century, especially during World War I and the 1920s, and that first phase has long been called “The Great Migration.” During World War II and lasting through the Vietnam era, African Americans left the south by the millions , and transformed  lives and the future direction of the country. They met the Southern European mass immigration coming out of the oppression and poverty of Europe and together these two mass groups created vast wealth, work and education centers in the northern region of the country.

Women found the courage to move their families, and men strengthen by the knowledge that the same skills it took to fight an enemy in the world wars could be used to fight for their own freedoms at home. A different  man moved out of the south into the north, a man no longer willing to bow his head and take abuse just because of the color of his skin or the condition of his birth; a man who had died for freedom in foreign lands and now willing to die for his own freedom in his homeland. America’s wars gave the Black man courage, and the Black Churches gave him a different theology and spiritual belief system. Millions left farms and villages and moved into the South’s big cities.

 Within one generation sharecroppers became businessmen as people who had been rural became urban. African Americans mostly southern discovered this country for which they had fought and died for this elusive freedom, and spread to all regions of the United States. Accustomed to poverty and equipped with work skills they were now ready to leave Egypt and cross over into the promise land of Milk and Honey, the core of the American economy. They learned how to milk the cows and fight the bees for the honey- but they were ready for a chance at life-liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

        Black people had hundred of years of oppression and as a results had developed emotional and spiritual methods for survival. Black people were also able to find work in employment of those who had wealth. They knew how to scrub floors, care for children, operate businesses, and stick together in extended family relationships to share survival resources.

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