I like taking groups to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in the City of New York. The Museum has an excellent Egyptian display. What our text books and movies fail to teach, the Museum provides an excellent opportunity to study history without words. Students would find it interesting that all of the significant statues of history are missing a nose. Each nose has been shattered as if by the blast of a gun. Research suggest that the Romans when they wanted to take over that part of the world, they first wanted to eliminate any sign of previous cultures.

The average person

believes the noses have worn off

because of deterioration caused by age. 

Look at the artifact.  The sculpture

has been distorted intentionally with facial

features destroyed so that you cannot see

the flat nose and full lips.  Why did they bother

with shooting off noses?  The Negroid features are still apparent.  This Seti I sculpture

(2nd Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty)

shows the great ruler who restored

order to the kingdom and returned Egyptian art and architecture to the powerful style of past dynasties. 

This is Seti because his name appears on the back of the

sculpture in a cartouche.


In Gary Greenberg’s book: 

Bible Myth:  The African Origin of the Jewish People,

the Hebrews were originally Egyptians and devotees of

Akhenaten’s monotheism–Moses was his high priest–

who had to flee after Akhenaten died and Horemheb

violently rejected the new religion.

The Biblical Genesis

The King James Version of the Bible is being

referenced here and is the same Bible most people

have in their possession. 

The Twelfth Dynasty is represented in the book of Genesis from

1991 – 1783 BC.  The 12th Dynasty Kings were:


Amenemhat I Senwosret I Senwosret II Amenemhat II


Senwosret III Amenemhat III Amenemhat IV


The Biblical Exodus


Did the 12 Tribes of Israel ever exist?  The first Israelites were

Egyptians and followers of Pharaoh Akhenaten,

(17 years in the middle of the 14th century BC) whose attempts to introduce monotheism into Egypt engendered rage among the religious

establishment.  Moses, an Egyptian noble, served as chief priest in

Akhenaten’s cult and, after Akhenaten’s death, had to flee Egypt to

avoid execution.  The so-called “ten lost tribes” disappear from history

without an archaeological trace of their prior existence?  (Greenberg, Gary,

The Bible Myth:  The African Origins of the Jewish People,

New York:  Citadel Press, 1996).


Akhenaten (9th King)

18th Dynasty

Akhenaten (9th King)

18th Dynasty

Pharaoh Horemheb waged a bitter

campaign to eradicate all vestiges of Akhenaten’s heresy,

eliminating the evidence stone by stone and word-by-word. As a result,

Akhenaten remained lost to history until nineteenth-century

Egyptologists discovered the ruins of his capital city.


1323-1295 BC

14th King – 18th Dynasty



1323-1295 BC

14th King

18th Dynasty

When Horemheb died, Moses returned to Egypt, united

his followers with other enemies of Egypt and attempted to

seize the throne from Ramesses I. The coup failed but to

avoid a civil war, Moses and his allies were allowed safe passage out of Egypt.

This was the real Exodus.  After entering Canaan, the Egyptian followers of

Moses formed military alliances with local Canaanite kings and with some

of the recently arrived Greek invaders. This non-tribal alliance of small

kingdoms and city-states became biblical Israel.

Ramses I Ramses I Ramses I

Moses served as chief priest in the court of Pharaoh Akhenaten;

the Exodus took place during the co-regency of Ramesses I and Sethos I;

and the first Israelites were Egyptians, the persecuted remnant of Akhenaten’s religious devotees.

Sethos I Sethos I


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